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Learner Centered Instruction:

What is learner centered instruction (LCI)?

Student-centered instruction [SCI] is an instructional approach in which students influence the content, activities, materials, and pace of learning. This learning model places the student (learner) in the center of the learning process. The instructor provides students with opportunities to learn independently and from one another and coaches them in the skills they need to do so effectively. The SCI approach includes such techniques as substituting active learning experiences for lectures, assigning open-ended problems and problems requiring critical or creative thinking that cannot be solved by following text examples, involving students in simulations and role plays, and using self-paced and/or cooperative (team-based) learning. Properly implemented SCI can lead to increased motivation to learn, greater retention of knowledge, deeper understanding, and more positive attitudes towards the subject being taught (Collins & O'Brien, 2003.

What is the main role of the teacher in LCI?

The teacher becomes a facilitator that supports students' learning using tools and activities for this process to motivate them to continue their work.

The 4 key principles of student centered learning.

 Personal Learning.- Teachers should know students' weaknesses and strengths to identify where they are in their learning.

Competency.- Learning is related to every students' abilities and skills development, so they will be able to master them in their real life in order to respond to their individual needs and challenges.

Learning never stops.- Students are able to learn anytime, anywhere, due to the fact that they discover something interesting to learn in and outside the classroom everyday.

Student's ownership.  Students take ownership of their learning; they have to learn the language to use it when they need to, it means for communicative purposes. 

CAROLINA SUAREZ PARRA.

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