a. What is learner centered instruction (LCI)?
Student-centered instruction [SCI] is an instructional approach in which students influence the content, activities, materials, and pace of learning (Collins & O'Brien, 2003). It is the process that promotes student's learning by incorporating their interests, expectations and goals into the development of their competencies, so they can feel confident and engage to personalize and apply effective strategies in order to take responsibility of their own learning.
b. What is the main role of the teacher in LCI?
The main role of the teacher is to get students ownership of learning through a set of carefully planning techniques by the teacher, teacher helps students to master the contents, and here the students can be part of the teaching-learning process.
c. Explain the 4 key principles of student centered learning.
The first principle is based on a personalized learning were student develop his/her cognitive skills and interests into the learning process, through the teacher´s motivation.
The second principle is based on competence. Learning is related to every students' abilities and skills development, so they will be able to master them in their real life in order to respond to their individual needs and challenges.
The third principle demonstrates that the learning can happen anytime, anywhere. Students learn all time but depends on the teacher plans the activities to work in a success environment.
The fourth principle encourages students to take ownership of their learning. It is important for teachers to take decisions with and for students, because they play a vital part in their learning for their success.